Liberty Resources

What is Liberty Resources?

It is a free-to-use repository for Liberty Topics!!!!

  • Not all the sources will agree with each other
  • Being on this list does not mean we agree with any of them, just that it is a valid source
  • Many of the sources will not be written by a libertarian or anarchist but it is still useful for libertarian or anarchist ideas
  • Certain sources fit multiple topics, so it will be in multiple sections

Agorism

Konkin, S. E. (2006). New libertarian manifesto. N.C.: Grey Market Pub.

Konkin, S. E. (2008). An agorist primer: Counter-economics, total freedom, and you. Huntington Beach, CA: KoPubCo.

American Anarchism

Shone, S. J. (2014). American Anarchism. Chicago, IL: Haymarket Books.

Shone, S. J. (2010). Lysander Spooner: American Anarchist. Lanham: Lexington Books.

Anarcho-Communism

KINNA, R. (2017). KROPOTKIN: Reviewing the classical anarchist tradition. United Kingdom: EDINBURGH UNIV Press.

Shannon, D., Nocella, A. J., & Asimakopoulos, J. (Eds.). (2012). The accumulation of freedom: Writings on anarchist economics. Edinburgh: AK Press.

Anarcho-Egoism

Articles

Egoism in Rand and Stirner | Libertarianism.org

Books

Dematteis, P. B., & Dematteis, P. B. (2019). Max Stirner versus Karl Marx: Individuality and the social organism. Middletown, DE: Stand Alone.

Newman, S. (Ed.). (2011). Max Stirner: Critical Explorations in Contemporary Political Thought. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Welsh, J. F. (2011). Max Stirner’s dialectical egoism: A new interpretation. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Anarcho-Primitivism

Harari, Y. N. (2019). Sapiens. United Kingdom: Random House.

Zerzan, J. (2005). Against civilization: Readings and reflections. Los Angeles, CA: Feral House.

Zerzan, J. (2018). A people’s history of civilization. Port Townsend, WA: Feral House.

Business Ethics

Chartier, G. (2019). A good life in the market: An introduction to business ethics. Great Barrington, MA: American Institute for Economic Research.

Otteson, J. R. (2019). Honorable Business: A framework for business in a just and humane society. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Class Theory

Hart, D. M., Chartier, G., Kenyon, R. M., & Long, R. T. (Eds.). (2019). Social class and state power: Exploring an alternative radical tradition. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Classical Liberalism

Levy, J. T. (2017). Rationalism, pluralism, and freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

RASMUSSEN, D. C. (2017). PRAGMATIC ENLIGHTENMENT: Recovering the liberalism of hume, smith, montesquieu, and voltaire. Cambridge, MA: CAMBRIDGE UNIV Press.

Rosenblatt, H. (2018). The lost history of liberalism: From ancient Rome to the twenty-first century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Siedentop, L. (2018). Inventing the individual: The origins of Western liberalism. Cambridge: The Belknap Press.

Competition

Armstrong, D. E., & Block, W. (1982). Competition versus monopoly: Combines policy in perspective. Vancouver, B.C, Canada :: Fraser Institute.

Kirzner, I. M., Boettke, P. J., & Sautet, F. E. (2017). Competition, economic planning, and the knowledge problem. Indianapolis, IL: Liberty Fund.

Cooperation

Articles

Boyd, R., & Richerson, P. J. (2021). Large-scale cooperation in small-scale foraging societies. doi:10.32942/osf.io/fxwbr

Books

Adie, K. (2019). The kindness of strangers. London: Hodder & Stoughton.

Axelrod, R. (2006). The evolution of cooperation. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Bowles, S., & Gintis, H. (2013). A Cooperative species: Human reciprocity and its evolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Klein, D. B. (2015). Knowledge and coordination: a liberal interpretation. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Richman, S. L., & Horton, S. (2020). What social animals owe to each other. Austin, TX: The Libertarian Institute.

Constitutional Law

Barnett, R. E. (2017). Restoring the lost constitution: The presumption of liberty. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Barnett, R. E., Blackman, J., & Chemerinsky, E. (2020). An introduction to constitutional law: 100 Supreme Court cases everyone should know. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer.

Monk, L. R. (2015). The words we live by: Your annotated guide to the Constitution. New York, NY: Hachette Books.

Richman, S. L. (2016). America’s counter-revolution: The Constitution revisited. Ann Arbor, MI: Griffin & Lash.

Democracy

Articles

Lavoie, D. (1993). Democracy, markets, and the legal order: Notes on the nature of politics in a radically liberal society. Liberalism and the Economic Order, 103-120. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511573040.007

Books

Ostrom, V. (2000). The meaning of democracy and the vulnerability of democracies: A response to Tocqueville’s challenge. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Dialectics

Sciabarra, C. M. (2013). Ayn Rand: The Russian radical Second Edition. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press.

Sciabara, C. M., Yonkins, E. W., & Bissell, R. E. (Eds.). (2020). DIALECTICS OF LIBERTY: Exploring the context of human freedom. LANHAM, MD: LEXINGTON Books.

Sciabarra, C. M. (1995). Marx, Hayek, and utopia. New York, NY: State Univ. of New York Press.

Sciabarra, C. M. (2000). Total freedom: Toward a dialectical libertarianism. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Welsh, J. F. (2011). Max Stirner’s dialectical egoism: A new interpretation. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Welsh, J. F. (2008). After Multiculturalism: The Politics of Race and the Dialectics of Liberty. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Drugs

HARI, J. (2019). CHASING THE SCREAM: The first and last days of the war on drugs. New York, NY: BLOOMSBURY Publishing.

Environmentalism

Anderson, T. L. (2015). Free Market Environmentalism. New York, NY: Routledge.

Economic History

Bockman, J. (2013). Markets in the name of socialism: The left-wing origins of neoliberalism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Perelman, M. (2004). The invention of capitalism: Classical political economy and the secret history of primitive accumulation. Durham: Duke University Press.

White, L. H. (2012). The clash of economic ideas: The great policy debates and experiments of the last hundred years. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Family

Cott, N. F. (2002). Public vows: A history of marriage and the nation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press.

Glendon, M. A. (1996). The transformation of family law: State, law, and family in the United States and western Europe. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Goody, J. (1999). The development of the family and marriage in Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.

HORWITZ, S. (2016). HAYEK’S MODERN FAMILY: Classical liberalism and the evolution of social institutions. New York, NY: PALGRAVE MACMILLAN.

Witte, J., Chŏng, K., & Yu, K. (2006). From sacrament to contract: Marriage, religion, and law in the Western tradition. Ch’op’an: Taehan Kidokkyo Sŏhoe.

Feminism

Gladstein, M. R., & Sciabarra, C. M. (1999). Feminist interpretations of Ayn Rand. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press.

Foreign Aid

Coyne, C. J. (2013). Doing bad by doing good: Why humanitarian action fails. Stanford: Stanford Economics and Finance.

Georgism

Bryson, P. (2016). Economics of Henry George: History’s rehabilitation of America’s greatest early economist. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Moss, L. S. (2008). Henry George: Political ideologue, social philosopher and economic theorist. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.

Gun Rights & Gun Control

Articles

The NRA Supported Gun Control When the Black Panthers Had the Weapons – HISTORY

Books

Crow, S., & Churchill, W. (2018). Setting sights: Histories and reflections on community armed self-defense. Oakland, CA: PM Press.

Davies, A., & Harrigan, J. R. (2020). Chapter 5: Gun Control. In Cooperation & coercion: How busybodies became busybullies and what that means for economics and politics. Wilmington, DE: ISI Books.

DeGrazia, D., & Hunt, L. H. (2016). Debating gun control: How much regulation do we need? New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Immigration

Caplan, B. (2019). Open Borders: The Science and Ethics of Immigration. New York, NY: Roaring Brook Press.

Ebeling, R. M., & Hornberger, J. G. (1995). The case for free trade and open immigration. Fairfax, VA: The Future of Freedom Foundation.

Jones, R. (Ed.). (2019). Open borders: In defense of free movement. Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press.

Kukathas, C. (2021). Immigration and freedom. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Somin, I. (2020). Free to move: Foot voting, migration, and political freedom. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Vossen, B. V., & Brennan, J. (2018). In defense of openness why global freedom is the humane solution to global poverty. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Individualism

Infantino, L. (2014). Individualism in modern thought: From Adam Smith to Hayek. London: Routledge.

Smith, G. H., & Moore, M. (Eds.). (2015). Individualism: A reader. Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute.

Inequality

NOVAK, M. (2018). Inequality: An entangled political economy perspective. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Knowledge Problem & Socialist Calculation Debate

Barnett, R. E. (2014). The structure of liberty: Justice and the rule of law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Davies, A., & Harrigan, J. R. (2020). Chapter 1: The Knowledge Problem. In Cooperation & coercion: How busybodies became busybullies and what that means for economics and politics. Wilmington, DE: ISI Books.

Kirzner, I. M., Boettke, P. J., & Sautet, F. E. (2017). Competition, economic planning, and the knowledge problem. Indianapolis, IL: Liberty Fund.

Lavoie, D., & Coyne, C. J. (2016). National economic planning: What is left? Arlington, VA: Mercatus Center, George Mason University.

LGBT

Boswell, J. (1995). Same-sex unions in premodern Europe. New York, NY: Vintage.

Boswell, J., & Jordan, M. D. (2015). Christianity, social tolerance, and homosexuality: Gay people in western Europe from the beginning of the Christian era to the fourteenth century. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Califia-Rice, P. (2003). Sex changes: The politics of transgenderism. San Francisco, CA: Cleis Press.

Chauncey, G. (2005). Why marriage?: The history shaping today’s debate over gay equality. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Eskridge, W. N., & Spedale, D. R. (2007). Gay marriage for better or for worse? ; what we’ve learned from the evidence. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Posner, R. A. (1998). Sex and reason. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Raico, R. (1976). Gay rights: A Libertarian approach. Washington, D.C.: Libertarian Party.

Raimondo, J. (1979). In praise of outlaws: Rebuilding gay liberation. San Francisco, CA: Students for a Libertarian Society.

Rothblatt, M. A. (2011). From transgender to transhuman.

Serano, J. (2016). Whipping girl: A transsexual woman on sexism and the scapegoating of femininity. Seattle, WA: Seal Press.

Sciabarra, C. M. (2003). Ayn Rand, homosexuality, and human liberation. Cape Town, South Africa: Leap Publishing.

Stryker, S. (2017). Transgender history: The roots of today’s revolution. New York, NY: Seal Press.

Williams, C. A. (2010). Roman homosexuality. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Wolfson, E. (2005). Why marriage matters: America, equality, and gay people’s right to marry. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Paperbacks.

Libertarian Socialism

Prichard, A., Kinna, R., Pinta, S., & Berry, D. (Eds.). (2017). Libertarian socialism: Politics in black and red. Oakland, CA: PM Press.

Markets

Brennan, J. (2021). Its okay to want to be rich. New York, NY: Routledge.

Brennan, J., & Jaworski, P. (2016). Markets without limits: Moral virtues and commercial interests. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Herzog, L. (2016). Inventing the market: Smith, Hegel, and political theory. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Storr, V. H., & Choi, G. S. (2019). Do Markets Corrupt Our Morals? Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Market Anarchism

Chartier, G., & Johnson, C. W. (2012). Markets not capitalism: Individualist anarchism against bosses, inequality, corporate power, and structural poverty. New York, NY: Autonomedia.

Massimino, C., & Tuttle, J. (2016). Free markets & capitalism?: Do free markets always produce a corporate economy? North Charleston, SC: Self Published.

Stringham, E. (2015). Private governance: Creating order in economic and social life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mental Health

Haldipur, C. V. (2019). Thomas Szasz: An appraisal of his legacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Militarism – War, Foreign Intervention

Coyne, C. J. (2008). After war: The political economy of exporting democracy. Stanford: Stanford Economics and Finance.

Coyne, C. J., & Hall, A. R. (2018). Tyranny comes home: The domestic fate of U.S. militarism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Kaplan, O. (2017). Resisting war: How communities protect themselves. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Monopoly

Armentano, D. T. (1999). Antitrust and monopoly. Oakland, CA: Independent Institute.

Armstrong, D. E., & Block, W. (1982). Competition versus monopoly: Combines policy in perspective. Vancouver, B.C, Canada :: Fraser Institute.

Wooldridge, W. C. (1971). Uncle Sam, the monopoly man. New Rochelle, N.Y,: Arlington House.

Mutual Aid Societies

Beito, D. T. (2000). From mutual aid to welfare state: How fraternal societies fought poverty and taught character. Washington, D.C.: Heritage Foundation.

Natural Law

Chartier, G. (2015). Economic Justice and Natural Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Foldvary, F. E. (1980). The soul of liberty: The universal ethic of freedom and human rights. San Francisco, CA: Gutenberg Press.

Paternalism

Rizzo, M. J., & Whitman, G. (2020). Escaping paternalism rationality, behavioral economics, and public policy. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Policing

VITALE, A. (2021). END OF POLICING. S.l.: VERSO.

Polycentricity

Ostrom, E., Ostrom, V., Sabetti, F., & Aligică, P. D. (2014). Choice, rules and collective action: The Ostroms on the study of institutions and governance. Colchester, UK: ECPR Press.

Stringham, E. (2015). Private governance: Creating order in economic and social life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Tarko, V. (2017). Elinor Ostrom an intellectual biography. London: Rowman & Littlefield International.

Post-Anarchism

Franks, B. (2020). Anarchisms, postanarchisms and ethics. London: Rowman & Littlefield International.

Newman, S. (2012). The politics of postanarchism. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Rousselle, D., & Evren, S. (2011). Post-Anarchism A Reader. London: Pluto Press.

Post-Modernism

Articles

Jordan Peterson’s Ignorance of Postmodern Philosophy | Notes On Liberty

Libertarian Postmodernism: A Reply to Jordan Peterson and the Intellectual Dark Web – Reason.com

Postmodernism & the Free Society | Libertarianism.org

Postmodernism: A Libertarian Introduction | Libertarianism.org

Books

Best, S., & Kellner, D. (1991). Postmodern theory: Critical interrogations. New York, NY: Guilford.

Cahoone, L. E. (2003). From modernism to postmodernism: An anthology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Primitive Accumulation

Perelman, M. (2004). The invention of capitalism: Classical political economy and the secret history of primitive accumulation. Durham: Duke University Press.

Prisons

Davis, A. Y. (2011). Are Prisons Obsolete? New York, NY: Seven Stories Press.

Farrington, K., & Fitzgerald, I. (2019). The world’s worst prisons: Inside stories from the most dangerous Jails on earth. London: Arcturus Publishing.

Magnanti, B. L. (2012). Sex, lies & statistics. Middletown, DE.

Skarbek, D. (2020). The puzzle of prison order: Why life behind bars varies around the world. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Skarbek, D. (2014). The social order of the underworld how prison gangs govern the American penal system. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Property – Common

Bollier, D., & Helfrich, S. (2019). Free, Fair, and Alive: The Insurgent Power of the Commons. NEW SOCIETY.

Layman, D. (2020). Locke among the radicals: Liberty and property in the nineteenth century. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Tuttle, J. (Ed.). (2020). The Anatomy of Escape: A Defense of the Commons. Coppell, TX: C4SS.

Property – Private

Alexander, G. S., & Peñalver, E. S. (2012). An introduction to property theory. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Alchian, A. A., & Benjamin, D. K. (2006). Property rights and economic behavior. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.

Greer, A. (2019). Property and dispossession: Natives, empires and land in early modern North America. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Layman, D. (2020). Locke among the radicals: Liberty and property in the nineteenth century. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Perelman, M. (2004). The invention of capitalism: Classical political economy and the secret history of primitive accumulation. Durham: Duke University Press.

Purdy, J. (2011). The meaning of property. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Shaffer, B. D. (2009). Boundaries of order: Private property as a social system. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.

Wood, E. M. (2012). Liberty and property: A social history of Western political thought from Renaissance to Enlightenment. London: Verso.

Public Choice

Buchanan, J. M. (1999). The limits of liberty: Between anarchy and leviathan. Indianapolis, IL: Liberty Fund.

Buchanan, J. M., & Tullock, G. (1999). The calculus of consent: Logical foundations of constitutional democracy. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.

Buchanan, J. M., & Wagner, R. E. (2007). Democracy in deficit: The political legacy of Lord Keynes. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Pub.

Caplan, B. D. (2008). The myth of the rational voter: Why democracies choose bad policies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Holcombe, R. G. (2018). Political capitalism: How political influence is made and maintained. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Simmons, R. T., & Mitchell, W. C. (2011). Beyond politics: The roots of government failure. Oakland, CA: Independent Institute.

Wagner, R. E. (2017). Politics as a peculiar business: Insights from a theory of entangled political economy. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Public Goods & Collective Action

Articles

Coyne, C. J., & Goodman, N. (2019). Polycentric defense. SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3451634

Books

Chong, D. (2014). Collective Action and the Civil Rights Movement. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Foldvary, F. E. (1995). Public goods and private communities: The market provision of social services. Aldershot, England: Edward Elgar.

Olson, M. (1977). The logic of collective action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Olson, M. (2008). Rise and Decline of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation, and Social Rigidities. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Ostrom, E. (2019). Governing the commons the evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Race & Racism

Articles

Looking Back to Look Forward: Blacks, Liberty, and the State | Libertarianism.org

The NRA Supported Gun Control When the Black Panthers Had the Weapons – HISTORY

Why Aren’t There More Black Libertarians? | Libertarianism.org

Books

Glasgow, J., Haslanger, S., Jeffers, C., & Spencer, Q. (2019). What is race?: Four philosophical views. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

KENDI, I. X. (2021). STAMPED FROM THE BEGINNING: The definitive history of racist ideas in america. S.l.: VINTAGE.

Rothstein, R. (2010). The Color of Law. New York, NY: Liverlight Publishing.

Radical Left: Auth-Coms, Tankies

Articles

The Worst Government Crimes – The Future of Freedom Foundation (fff.org)

Books

Boettke, P. J. (1993). Why perestroika failed: The politics and economics of socialist transformation. London: Routledge.

Boettke, P. J. (2000). The political economy of Soviet Socialism. London: Routledge.

Roche, H. (2010). Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. Basic Books.

Radical Right: Alt-Right, Fascists, Nazis

Articles

The Worst Government Crimes – The Future of Freedom Foundation (fff.org)

Books

Hawley, G. (2019). The Alt-Right: What everyone needs to know@. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Reimann, G. (2014). The vampire economy: Doing business under fascism. Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.

Roche, H. (2010). Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. Basic Books.

Sedgwick, M. (Ed.). (2019). KEY THINKERS OF THE RADICAL RIGHT: Behind the New Threat to Liberal Democracy. New York, NY: OXFORD University Press.

Tuttle, J. (Ed.). (2019). Fighting Fascism: Anti-Fascism, Free Speech and Political Violence. Kindle Direct Publishing.

Rational Choice Theory

Eriksson, L. (2011). Rational choice theory: Potential and limits. Basingstoke, EN: Palgrave Macmillan.

Rizzo, M. J., & Whitman, G. (2020). Escaping paternalism rationality, behavioral economics, and public policy. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Rule of Law

Articles

The Myth of the Rule of Law | Mises Wire

Books

Barnett, R. E. (2014). The structure of liberty: Justice and the rule of law. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sex Work

Agustin, L. M. (2010). Sex at the Margins: Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry. London: Zed Books.

West, N., & Horn, T. (Eds.). (2021). We too: Essays on sex work and survival. New York, NY: The Feminist Press at the City University of New York.

Social Justice

Articles

Jordan Peterson’s Ignorance of Postmodern Philosophy | Notes On Liberty

Libertarian Postmodernism: A Reply to Jordan Peterson and the Intellectual Dark Web – Reason.com

Postmodernism & the Free Society | Libertarianism.org

Social Injustice and Spontaneous Orders (independent.org)

Books

Long, R. T. (2020). Why Libertarians Should be Social Justice Warriors. In 1375334619 1005168810 C. M. Sciabara, 1383460387 1005168810 E. W. Yonkins, & 1383460388 1005168810 R. E. Bissell (Eds.), DIALECTICS OF LIBERTY: Exploring the context of human freedom. LANHAM, MD: LEXINGTON Books.

Social Construction

Searle, J. R. (2007). The construction of social reality. New York, NY: Free Press.

Spontaneous Order

Articles

Social Injustice and Spontaneous Orders (independent.org)

Books

Mcnamara, P. (2016). Liberalism, conservatism, and Hayek’s idea of spontaneous order. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

State: Authority, Legitimacy, & Obligation

Egoumenides, M. (2014). Philosophical anarchism and political obligation. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.

Huemer, M. (2013). The problem of political authority: An examination of the right to coerce and the duty to obey. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kos, E. S. (Ed.). (2020). MICHAEL OAKESHOTT ON AUTHORITY, GOVERNANCE, AND THE STATE. S.l.: SPRINGER NATURE.

Morris, C. (1999). The social contract theorists: Critical essays on Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Technology

Allen, D. W., Berg, C., & Davidson, S. (2020). The New Technologies of Freedom. Middletown, DE: American Institute for Economic Research.

Kuznicki, J. (2017). Technology and the end of authority: What is government for? Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.

Trade

Articles

The Case for Free Trade is a Unilateral One – AIER

Books

Ebeling, R. M., & Hornberger, J. G. (1995). The case for free trade and open immigration. Fairfax, VA: The Future of Freedom Foundation.

Hont, I. (2010). Jealousy of trade: International competition and the nation state in historical perspective. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Kling, A. (2016). Specialization and Trade. Washington D.C.: Cato Institute.

Panagariya, A. (2019). Free trade and prosperity how openness helps the developing countries grow richer and combat poverty. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Vossen, B. V., & Brennan, J. (2018). In defense of openness why global freedom is the humane solution to global poverty. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Trans-humanism

Kurzweil, R. (2016). The singularity is near: When humans transcend biology. London: Duckworth.

O´Connell, M. (2018). To be a machine: Adventures among cyborgs, utopians, hackers, and the futurists solving the modest problem of death. London: Granta.

Rothblatt, M. A. (2011). From transgender to transhuman.

Violent Revolution and Nonviolent Action

Chenoweth, E., & Stephan, M. J. (2013). Why civil resistance works: The strategic logic of nonviolent conflict. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

Chenoweth, E. (2021). Civil resistance: What everyone needs to know. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Chong, D. (2014). Collective Action and the Civil Rights Movement. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Cobb, C. E. (2016). This nonviolent stuff’ll get you killed: How guns made the civil rights movement possible. Durham: Duke University press.

Gelderloos, P. (2018). How nonviolence protects the state. Olympia, WA: Detritus Books.

Gelderloos, P. (2016). The failure of nonviolence. Seattle, WA: Left Bank Books.

Tullock, G. (1974). The social dilemma: The economics of war and revolution. Blacksburg, VA: University Publications.